Colton, William

Date of Birth/Death:

1791/1849

Principal occupation=Farmer, Hotel licensee

William Colton was born in Devon, England c1791 and possibly baptised 6 April 1791 at Harberton, Devon son of Thomas and Mary. He married Elizabeth Blackler (born ca 1799) in about 1820. William (aged 44), with his wife Elizabeth (aged 40) and their four sons William (junior) (17), John Blackler* (15), Thomas (12), and Edwin (7) arrived at Port Adelaide aboard the 540-ton ship Duchess of Northumberland on 19 December 1839. The ship was under the command of Captain Frederick Geare and carried a general cargo, 11 ‘superior class paying’ passengers and between 160 and 350 steerage passengers. It had departed from London on 5 August and son Albert (aged 1) had died on 8 September of ulceration during the voyage. On Christmas Day 1839, William Colton and Charles Hewett accompanied William Randell on a tour of the South Australian Company’s southern country sections seeking land on which to settle. They chose four sections (including sections 136 and 147) that they named Oxenberry and Lower Oxenberry Farms, part of District C that they called Doringa Valley, later McLaren Vale. William Colton and Charles Hewett were responsible for a letter addressed to the Editor of the Adelaide Chronicle newspaper that was published in October 1840. It described their farms in glowing terms and the great successes that they had in the colony. This was part of a campaign that started in December 1839 to promote the opportunities offered by the new colony after negative commentary had been circulated and published in newspapers in other colonies, India and in England. A slightly different version of the same letter addressed to the Directors of the South Australian Company and dated September 1840 was published in the South Australian Record newspaper in February 1841. On 11 March 1840 William Colton selected section 497 (80 acres) by virtue of land order 1046. He held an occupation license in 1843 and 1845. In 1846 he purchased Lot 349, section 84 (80 acres) in District C for 80 pounds and then on 5 November 1847 he purchased section 177 (80 acres) for 110 pounds at the Government Land Sale. In 1847 William Colton served on a Grand Jury for the Supreme Court (Criminal) and he held the license for the Devonshire Hotel (located on section 146) in McLaren Vale in June 1849.

William Colton, aged 58 years, died on 10 July 1849 and he is buried in the McLaren Vale Congregational Cemetery. His wife Elizabeth died 7 March 1888 at Hackney. She was buried with her husband in the McLaren Vale Congregational Church cemetery.

*[John remained in Adelaide where he set himself up in business, became Mayor 1874-1875; represented Noarlunga in the House of Assembly and was State Premier 1876-1877 and 1884-1885. He received a knighthood.]

References:

FindMyPast, Devon Baptisms, Harberton, Devon, England

Genealogy SA, https://genealogysa.org.au/

Passengers in History Database – South Australian Maritime Museum, https://maritime.history.sa.gov.au/research-types/passengers-in-history/

Diane Cummings, Bound for South Australia, State Library of South Australia, https://bound-for-south-australia.collections.slsa.sa.gov.au/1839DuchessOfNorthumberland.htm

1839 ‘Advertising’, South Australian Record (London, England : 1837 – 1840), 10 July, p. 1. , viewed 03 May 2024, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article245932326

1839 ‘Advertising’, South Australian Record, 10 July, p. 1. , http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article245932326

1840 ‘STATE OF THE COLONY.’, South Australian Record and Australasian and South African Chronicle, 16 May, p. 6. , http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article245932742

1840 ‘SPECIAL SURVEYS.’, South Australian Record and Australasian and South African Chronicle, 3 October, p. 6. , http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article245933159

1840 ‘To the Editor of the Adelaide Chronicle.’, Adelaide Chronicle and South Australian Literary Record, 7 October, p. 3. , http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article195860237

1841, South Australian Record and Australasian and South African Chronicle, 24 February, p. 7. , http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page26884680

1841 ‘OFFICIAL RETURN’S OF THE COUNTRY SECTIONS CULTIVATED, OR UPONT WHICH LOCATIONS HAVE BEEN FORMED WITHIN THE PROVINCE OF SOUTH AUSTRALIA.—FOR THE YEAR 1840.’, South Australian Register, 17 July, p. 4. , http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article27442606

1843 ‘Advertising’, Southern Australian, 13 January, p. 2. , http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article71615965

1845 ‘COLONIAL SECRETARY’S OFFICE.’, South Australian Register, 26 February, p. 1. , http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73842260

1846 ‘LAND SALES.’, Adelaide Observer, 11 April, p. 3. , http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article158922265

1847 ‘LAW AND POLICE COURTS.’, South Australian Register, 10 March, p. 2. , http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article48544647

1847 ‘LOCAL INTELLIGENCE.’, South Australian Register, 6 November, p. 2. , http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article48543051

1849 ‘NEW GENERAL LICENCES.’, South Australian Register, 3 June, p. 4. , http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article50247294

1849 ‘BENCH OF MAGISTRATES.’, South Australian Gazette and Mining Journal, 14 June, p. 3. , http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article195937869

1849 ‘Family Notices’, South Australian Register, 14 July, p. 2. , http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article50246133

1902 ‘THE LATE SIR JOHN COLTON.’, Chronicle, 15 February, p. 33. , http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article87818256

Sir John Colton, https://www.parliament.sa.gov.au/Search/Member?type=member&id=3631

FlickrID=42146469510= Colton headstone, McLaren Vale Congregational cemetery. Photo from Mark Staniforth

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