White, Samuel

Date of Birth/Death:


Principal occupation=Farmer, miller and ship owner.

Samuel White was born in Hampreston, Dorset, England in about 1819. Aged about 20 years, he arrived at Port Adelaide in South Australia aboard the vessel Clevelend on 18 December 1839 from London and Plymouth. Abraham Pethick also arrived on the same voyage. Religion – Church of England. Samuel White was resident for 24 years on the Aldinga Plains (White’s Valley) from about 1843 until 1867. Samuel White married Hannah Hilton at Holy Trinity Church, Adelaide on 12 April 1840. Samuel and Hannah White had no children of their own but, when Hannah’s sister Barbara Hutton (nee Hilton) died on 1 July 1840 (her husband David Hutton had died in England in 1836), they became foster parents to Barbara’s three children:

  • David John Hutton (1829-1904) married Sarah Pavy (1838-1881) at St Stephen’s Church, Willunga. He was a miller at McLaren Vale and later Milang and had at least 9 children.
  • John Hutton (1833-1849) died, aged 16 years, at McLaren Vale and is buried at McLaren Vale Congregational Cemetery
  • Mary Barbara Hutton (1837-1924) married Henry Pavy (1831-1876) on 29 November 1855 at the residence of Samuel White, Whites Valley. They had at least 6 children. Henry Pavy was a farmer at Aldinga and later Milang

Samuel White was resident in Aldinga (the area later became known as White’s Valley or White’s Gulley from about 1845) from about 1843. He is listed in the SA Directory of 1844 as “of Aldinga”. He owned sections 219, 229 and 230 from the 1840s, section 243 from 1846 and, by the 1850s, he owned and/or paid rates on 11 sections of land in the area (sections 219, 228, 229, 230, 239, 243, 269, 270, 300, 377 and 385). White’s Flour Mill was built on section 219 by 1844. Over the next few years, White built up a complex of mill buildings and cottages, both for himself and his workers, including a tower constructed in order to see the passing ships. In October 1851, a fire destroyed a stable, shed and barn worth £700 at White’s property. William Goderich was charged with feloniously setting the fire. Samuel White expanded his business activities into shipping from about 1852. He purchased small sailing vessels, such as Maid of the Valley, Grenada, Alice Martin and Maid of the Mill, that were used to ship flour and wheat from Port Willunga to Port Adelaide, Melbourne and Sydney. Unfortunately, several of White’s vessels were wrecked in 1856-7 but newer and larger vessels, including the steamship Havilah in 1858, allowed White to continue shipping flour from Port Willunga. He also became involved in the transport of passengers and cargo more generally. White’s purchase of the large steamship South Australian in 1864, the ongoing drought of the mid-1860s and the general over-cropping of the land that resulted in declining wheat yields caused Samuel to become insolvent in early 1867. By 1868 Samuel and Hannah White had relocated to Wanganui in New Zealand, where Hannah died on 15 December 1869. It was reported that Samuel still held some interest in land at White’s Valley and returned at least once to South Australia. Samuel remarried to Sarah Stead (1835-1903) at St Matthews Church, Kensington, South Australia on 24 September 1870, and they had one son, Walter Samuel (1872-1873), who was born and died as an infant in New Zealand. Samuel White, aged 80 years, died on 31 August 1899 and his second wife Sarah, aged 68 years, died on 19 March 1903.


Passengers in History Database – South Australian Maritime Museum, https://maritime.history.sa.gov.au/research-types/passengers-in-history/

South Australia Census 1841, Index for GRG 24/13 Census Returns – 1841 Census

Extracts from General Registry Office (GRO) Information, Samuel White, https://localwiki.org/adelaide-hills/GRO_Merge_%27Weg%27_-_%27Will%27

FamilySearch – Returns of Census compiled in January 1841 GRG24/13

Genealogy SA, https://genealogysa.org.au/

Ratepayer List Willunga & Aldinga Councils 1850-1888, Willunga National Trust Branch

Family Histories. W.Y. Manuscript folders held by the National Trust (Willunga Branch). Blue folders 40-9 & 40-20,

Statton J. (ed) 1986. Biographical Index of South Australians 1836-1885. SAGHS.

New Zealand Births, Deaths and Marriages On-Line, https://www.bdmhistoricalrecords.dia.govt.nz

1899, ‘OBITUARY. – MR SAMUEL WHITE ’ Wanganui Herald, 1 September, https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/WH18990901.2.34

1899, ‘Deaths’, Wanganui Chronicle, 2 September https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/WC18990902.2.12

1899 ‘CONCERNING PEOPLE.’, Adelaide Observer, 23 September, p. 22. , http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article162345142

1924 ‘Obituary.’, Chronicle, 11 October, p. 24. , http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article89380405 [Mary Barbara Pavy]

|FlickrID=50511050428 – Samuel White

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